Saturday, August 22, 2020

Ready Mix Concrete Essay Example For Students

Prepared Mix Concrete Essay Task CONSTRUCTION METHODS AND TECHNOLOGY READY MIX CONCRETE SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: PROF. SACHIN JAIN SONABH DHARIWAL VARUN GOEL INTRODUCTION: Ready-blend concrete is a sort of solid that is fabricated in a manufacturing plant or clumping plant, as indicated by a set formula, and afterward conveyed to a worksite, by truck mounted travel blenders. This outcomes in an exact blend, permitting claim to fame solid blends to be created and executed on building destinations. The primary prepared blend production line was worked during the 1930s, however the business didn't start to extend essentially until the 1960s, and it has kept on developing from that point forward. Prepared blend concrete is now and again favored over on location solid blending due to the exactness of the blend and decreased worksite disarray. Nonetheless, utilizing a pre-decided solid blend diminishes adaptability, both in the flexibly chain and in the real segments of the solid. Prepared Mixed Concrete, or RMC as it is prominently called, alludes to solid that is explicitly fabricated for conveyance to the clients building site in a newly blended and plastic or unhardened state. Solid itself is a blend of Portland concrete, water and totals containing sand and rock or squashed stone. In customary work destinations, every one of these materials is obtained independently and blended in determined extents at site to make concrete. Prepared Mixed Concrete is purchased and sold by volume typically communicated in cubic meters. RMC can be specially crafted to suit various applications. Prepared Mixed Concrete is fabricated under PC controlled activities and moved and set at site utilizing refined gear and strategies. Concrete’s normal shading is dim. Its supported uses are utilitarian. Its very pervasiveness makes it mix away from plain sight. Be that as it may, prepared blend concrete has one momentous trademark: other than fabricated ice, maybe no other assembling industry faces more prominent vehicle boundaries. The transportation issue emerges in light of the fact that prepared blend concrete the two has a low worth to-weight proportion and is exceptionally perishableâ€it completely should be released from the truck before it solidifies. These transportation boundaries mean prepared blended cement must be created close to its clients. For a similar explanation, remote exchange prepared blended cement is basically nonexistent. This article is a prologue to the fundamentals of the market for prepared blend solid, concentrating primarily on its buyers and its makers in the United States, yet with incidental correlations with different nations when complexities are valuable. INDUSTRY HISTORY AND BACKGROUND: Ready-blended concrete’s universal use as a structure material is to a great extent a result of two favorable circumstances. It is modest. It likewise permits incredible decent variety in plan and capacity, on the grounds that in its liquid structure, it tends to be filled molds of any shape. Concrete’s shortcoming, truly, is that while it is sensibly solid when bearing compressive (pushing) loads, it is a request for greatness more vulnerable in its capacity to manage malleable (pulling) powers. Concrete was normally utilized as a structure material all through the twentieth century, yet when the National Ready Mixed Concrete Association was established in 1930, just a bunch of prepared blended plants worked in the United States. The standard practice at the time was for development firms to blend their own solid at the place of work utilizing sacked concrete and totals the temporary workers bought themselves. (This training stays regular in creating nations. ) However, with the wartime modern and government working during the 1940s and the lodging and interstates building blast that followed, interest for prepared blended rose adequately to exploit the scale economies of particular offsite solid blenders. By 1958, the primary year wherein the business was viewed as a different four-digit producing industry in the Standard Industrial Classification framework, there were 3,657 prepared blended solid plants. Since that time, the industry has kept on developing, yet with intermittent recessionary misfortunes. In the course of recent years, the industry has been moving from one commanded by single-plant firms to one where multi-plant tasks are getting progressively normal. In 1958, around 3,100 firms claimed the 3,657 prepared blended plants. By 2002, the quantity of industry plants had expanded to 5,570, however the quantity of industry firms had fallen underneath 2,600 (U. S. Statistics, 1963 and 2006a). This solidification is reflected in the business fixation estimates found in Table 1. In 1958, the biggest four firms in the business represented just 4 percent of yield, and the biggest 50 firms a negligible 21 percent. The undifferentiated from values for 2002 were separately 11 and 42 percent, despite everything low contrasted with most assembling enterprises, yet generously higher than prior qualities. Notwithstanding, these national focus measures downplay fixation inside individual geographic markets, which as a result of the high transportation expenses of solid, better mirrors the serious condition industry producer’s face. A TYPICAL READY-MIXED CONCRETE PLANT: The assembling procedure for prepared blended cement can be roughly analogized to making mud pies, with the exception of a regular bunch of â€Å"batter† gauges 20-40 tons and the yield is conveyed to clients in $150,000 vehicles. The plants where these pies are made are ordinarily Spartan issues, even as assembling offices go. They incorporate offices for taking care of crude materials, normally including steel concrete storehouses (concrete must be shielded from dampness noticeable all around, in case it solidify rashly), open heaps of total (sand, rock and rock) arranged by size, a compensation loader and transport framework for moving total, and a water source. There is additionally frequently a structure with constrained office space and rooms that house controls for the batcherâ€the hardware that gauges and feeds the different fixings into the blending receptacle. The canister sits n a raised structure to permit drivers to pull the blender trucks, which are the other key bits of capital gear found at prepared blended plants, underneath for stacking. Numbers from the 2002 Census of Manufactures, the most recent for which far reaching information are accessible, offer a feeling of the financial size of a run of the mill prepared blended plant. The normal estimation of crude materials stock close by a t a plant was $81,000. The normal book estimation of its capital stock (the two structures and hardware) was $2. million, and mean yearly deals were $3. 9 million. This run of the mill plant had 18 representatives, 14 of whom were viewed as creation laborers (which incorporate truck drivers). FIRM STRUCTURE: Construction industry was profited by Ready-blend Concrete right from its initiation during the late 40’s. This innovation has from that point forward developed in a major manner in Europe and USA, expending over 60% of the concrete delivered. In the coming years, Ready-blend Concrete industry in India is probably going to expend over 5% of the concrete created. In spite of the industry’s advance toward combination, several prepared blended firms are as yet single-plant tasks. In 1997, the latest year for which such information were accessible, these makers represented 44 percent of industry plants and 80 percent of its organizations. Prepared blended solid plants, regardless of whether in single-plant firms or not, are typically exceptionally particular. Plants in the business manufacture hardly any precast solid items; notwithstanding similitudes in precast concrete’s creation process and that a definitive purchasers in the development business are regularly the equivalent. Well more than 90 percent of prepared blended plant incomes originate from prepared blended deals, which means single-plant firms in the business infer most by far of their incomes from their essential item. Plants making pre-assembled solid items are comparatively spent significant time in those items, with under 10 percent of their incomes represented by prepared blended deals (U. S. Evaluation Bureau, 2006b). Multi-plant firms with prepared blended solid activities will in general be increasingly broadened, yet their enhancement comes through claiming plants in different ventures. These can be pre-assembled solid tasks, concrete plants, or sand and rock mines. In 1997, about portion of the prepared blended plants that were claimed by multi-unit firms were possessed by firms that additionally worked plants in different ventures other than prepared blended cement. Along these lines, broadening among bigger firms isn't widespread, since the other portion of plants in multi-unit firms are possessed by organizations that are prepared blended experts. Innovative CHANGE: The essential procedure for preparing blended cement has not changed for as far back as 60 years: dry crude materials are estimated, stacked into a receptacle, blended, set into a truck, and water is included (now and then the request for the last two stages is traded). The unobtrusive innovative advances that have happened in the business have come in five regions. The primary change is computerized clumping frameworks. Batchingâ€the procedure of gauging and blending the crude materials before they are stacked on the truckâ€was once a manual activity. An administrator would precisely control the container entryways that controlled the progression of crude materials into the focal blending canister, gauging every part while continuing, frequently by eye on a simple scale. Robotized grouping frameworks, where an administrator inputs the â€Å"recipe† for a prepared blended bunch into an electronic control framework that handles the gauging and blending tasks consequently, started diffusing through the business during the late 1970s and mid 1980s. A subsequent change is the considerable increment in the limit of solid trucks. A 1953 guidelines distribution portrayed guaranteed blending trucks extending in limits from 2. 5 to 7. 5 cubic years (National Ready Mixed Concrete Association, 1953), with standard limits at the time being 3. 0 to 4. 0 cubic yards. Today, the commonplace tr

Thursday, July 16, 2020

How to Deal With Low Frustration Tolerance

How to Deal With Low Frustration Tolerance Stress Management Management Techniques Print How to Deal With Low Frustration Tolerance By Amy Morin, LCSW facebook twitter instagram Amy Morin, LCSW, is a psychotherapist, author of the bestselling book 13 Things Mentally Strong People Dont Do, and a highly sought-after speaker. Learn about our editorial policy Amy Morin, LCSW Updated on February 04, 2020 Luis Alvarez / Digital Vision / Getty Images More in Stress Management Management Techniques Physical Techniques Relaxation Time Management Effects on Health Situational Stress Job Stress Household Stress Relationship Stress In This Article Table of Contents Expand Consequences Causes Signs Strategies View All Back To Top Frustration is an emotion that stems from challenges that stand in the way of goals. The ability to deal with frustration is known as frustration tolerance. Individuals with high frustration tolerance are able to deal with setbacks successfully. Individuals with low frustration tolerance may grow frustrated at seemingly minor, everyday inconveniences like traffic jams and noisy kids. Individuals with low frustration tolerance may give up on tough tasks immediately. The mere thought of having to wait in line or work on a task that they don’t understand may feel intolerable. If you fall on the low tolerance end of the frustration tolerance spectrum, it may cause some problems in your life. Fortunately, there are some things you can do to improve your frustration tolerance. Consequences Frustration tolerance is a core component of psychological well-being.?? Individuals who can handle setbacks are more likely to persist at their goals, which can help them feel good and achieve more. Those with low frustration tolerance may give up easily or avoid tough tasks altogether. It can take a serious toll on their achievement. It can also affect relationships. Individuals with low frustration tolerance might be more likely to lash out when they’re frustrated. They may have little patience for their partners’ behavior or their intolerance to everyday situations (like waiting for a table at the restaurant), and this can lead to increased tension in the relationship. Causes There are several reasons why some people struggle with low frustration tolerance: Mental illness. Mental health conditions, such as depression and anxiety, can decrease a person’s frustration tolerance.?? Studies have also found that individuals with ADHD tend to have less tolerance for frustration as well.Personality. Personality also plays a role in frustration tolerance. Some people naturally tolerate frustrating circumstances better than others.Belief systems. An individual’s beliefs also play a role in how well they tolerate frustration. A person who thinks things like “Life should be easy,” or “Other people should always meet my expectations,” will be less tolerant of everyday stressors than someone else. Signs Low frustration tolerance looks a little different in everyone. But here are some common signs: Frequent procrastination due to an inability to tolerate the frustration associated with a tough or boring taskImpulsive attempts to “fix” a situation due to impatience rather than waiting for the issue to correct itselfExaggerating temporary discomfortInsisting on pursuing immediate gratificationGiving up immediately when presented with a challenge or obstacleGrowing irritable or angry about everyday stressorsThinking or insisting, “I can’t stand this.”Avoiding tasks that might cause distress Build Frustration Tolerance Frustration tolerance can be learned. With practice and consistent dedication, you can decrease the intensity of your frustration, and you can learn to express your feelings in socially appropriate ways. Here are some strategies that can help you build frustration tolerance. The 6 Stages of Behavior Change Accept Tough Situations Feelings of frustration get fueled by thoughts like “These things always happen to me!” or “Why does traffic have to be so bad every day? This is horrible.” Respond to exaggeratedly negative statements with more realistic statements. Instead of thinking about the unfairness of traffic jams, remind yourself, “There are millions of cars on the road every day. Traffic jams are going to happen.” When you catch yourself dwelling on the unfairness of life, consider whether it’s a situation you can change or whether you need to change the way you respond to it. If the situation is outside of your control, then focus on acceptance. Give Yourself a Pep Talk Frustration can stem from doubting your inability to tolerate distress. Thinking “I can’t stand to wait in line,” or “I am too overwhelmed to try again,” will increase your frustration. These types of thoughts can also prevent you from doing tasks that might lead to feelings of frustration. Remind yourself that you can cope with distressing feelings. Whether you take a deep breath and try again, or you count to 10 when you’re feeling upset, experiment with coping skills that will help you deal with frustration in a healthy way. 40 Coping Skills That Will Help You Fight Stress Learn How to Calm Your Body Feelings of frustration can lead to physiological symptoms, like increased heart rate and higher blood pressure. The changes in your body might cause you to doubt your ability to deal with frustration, which can lead to a vicious cycle that’s hard to break. Knowing how to calm your body can be key to calming your mind. Deep breaths, meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, and physical activity can help you manage the physical symptoms of frustration in a healthy way. Experiment with different relaxation strategies until you discover what works for you. Then, when your feelings of frustration begin to rise, you can spring into action and calm your body before your symptoms become too intense. Practice Tolerating Frustration Just like any other skill, frustration tolerance requires practice. Start small, and work on practicing your skills. Purposely do something that is mildly frustrating, like working on a tough puzzle or waiting in a long line. Manage your self-talk, and use healthy coping skills to deal with your feelings. When you are successful at managing your frustration, you’ll gain confidence in your ability to tolerate distress. Over time, you can gradually expose yourself to more and more frustrating situations. A Word From Verywell While you might be tempted to assume that you were simply born with a short fuse, your low frustration tolerance doesn’t have to be permanent. You can take steps to build this tolerance, which could improve the quality of your life. So if you’re having difficulty improving your frustration tolerance on your own, or if it seems to be a symptom of a bigger issue, then talk to a mental health professional. Treatment may range from talk therapy and addressing thoughts that fuel your frustration, to considering medication that treats underlying issues like depression.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Criminal Law Murder - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1502 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Essay any type Level High school Did you like this example? Criminal Law Murder The most serious offence that Marion could be charged with is the murder of Spike and Toby. Murder is defined in law as causing the death of a human being within the Queens peace with the intention to kill or cause grievous bodily harm. Therefore murder comprises of two elements, these are 1) the act (actus reus) and 2) the intention (mens rea). Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Criminal Law Murder" essay for you Create order Since the implementation of the Law Reform (Year and a Day Rule) Act 1996 it is not necessary for the death to occur within a year and a day of the act or omission. The first element to be satisfied is the actus reus and causation. Marion clearly performed the act of setting fire to Spike and Tobys flat but did this cause the deaths of both Toby and Spike? The accuseds act does not necessarily need to be the sole or even the main cause of death, it is required that the accused act made a significant contribution to the consequences as stated in R v Cheshire . Toby was pronounced dead at the scene of the fire and there is no information suggesting there was an alternative cause of death. Therefore it is clear that smoke inhalation from the fire was a significant contribution to the cause of Tobys death. In the case of Spikes death it is slightly more complicated as the medical treatment he received may constitute an intervening act (novus actus interveniens) in the chain of causati on. In the authority of R v Jordan it was decided if medical treatment received is the sole cause of death and was grossly negligent the chain of causation will be broken. However, if the injury caused by the accused is the operative cause of the victims death the chain of causation will not be broken as confirmed in R v Smith . In Smith the facts concerned a barrack room brawl in which the accused had stabbed the victim; the victim had been dropped twice on the way to the medical room. The medical staff failed to recognise the extent of the victims injuries resulting in the victim s‘death. The accuseds conviction for murder was upheld as the wound had been the operative cause of the victims death. in the case of R v Cheshire Beldam LJ stated â€Å"it will only be in the extraordinary and unusual case that such treatment can be said to be so independent of the acts of the accused that it could be regarded in law as the cause of the victims death to the exclusion of the acc useds act†. Therefore in the case of Spikes death it will be considered if the fact that the life support machine was not properly connected was so independent of the injuries suffered from the fire. It is likely that the smoke inhalation from the fire will be considered as the operative cause of Spikes death and the element of causation will be satisfied. Therefore the elements of the actus rea and causation will be satisfied in case of Spike and Toby‘s deaths In order for the mens rea of murder to be satisfied the prosecution must establish that the accused intended to kill or cause grievous bodily harm as stated in R v Moloney and confirmed in R v Hancock and Shankland and R v Woollin in the House of Lords. In Woollin the House of Lords decided the intention would be satisfied if death or serious injury was a virtually certain result of the accused action. However, there is no absolute magic formula, Lord Scarman stated in Hancock the more probable the consequences the more probable the accused foresaw it. Marion may contend that she only intended for Spike to be re-housed by the council and she had no knowledge that Toby was in the house. In the circumstances that an individual has the intention to commit a particular offence against a particular victim but actually commits that offence against another, the mens rea can be transferred to the actual victim. This principle is illustrated in the cases R v Mitchell and Attorney-Generals Reference No.3 of 1994 . In Mitchell the accused had been found guilty of manslaughter when he had deliberately punched a 72 year old man who had feel against an 82year old woman. As a result of the fall the 82 year old woman suffered a broken femur which required surgery, during the surgery the woman died due to complication that arose. The argument that the doctrine could only apply to the intended victim and not the actual victim were the same person was rejected by the Court of Appeal. Although the decisio n in Attorney-Generals Reference No.3 was reversed by the House of Lords the case illustrated that the question of mens rea is one of fact for the jury to decide. Therefore any malice towards Spike will be transferred towards Toby. Marion may claim the defence of provocation under section 3 of the Homicide Act 1957 as her act was in response to the intimidation and harassment inflicted by Spike. The test for provocation is one of two limbs, these are; 1) the subjective condition that the accused was actually provoked to lose his self control and 2) the objective condition that the reasonable man would have done so. Devlin J stated in Duffy Circumstances which induce a desire for revenge are inconsistent with provocation.a desire for revenge means that the person had time to thinkthat would negative a sudden temporary loss of self control†. However, Lord Taylor in R v Ahluwalia concluded that a delay in reacting will be taken into account but it will not necessarily negate t he defence of provocation . The position currently is that killings that take place after a long period of provocation will be distinguished from cases of cumulative provocation. It can be that the last instance even if relatively minor can be a trigger as in Humphreys if the instance caused a loss of self control. Lord Tucker in Bullard v The Queen stated that the direction to the jury is that if they are not satisfied beyond a reasonable doubt that the killing is unprovoked the verdict is one of manslaughter. The current standard of the objective element is that having regard to the actual provocation and the gravity for the defendant, would an individual of the same age having the ordinary power of self control might have done what the defendant has done as stated in-G for Jersey v Holley and confirmed in R v James . It is clear that Marion suffered a loss of self control it may also be possible that Spikes last act of pretending to stab Marion will be viewed in light of the p revious harassment by Spike. In the circumstances that the Crown Prosecution Servicer or the jury are satisfied that Marion only intended for Spike to be re- housed she may be found guilty of constructive manslaughter. It will only be necessary or the prosecution to establish that Marion intended to start the fire not that she knew it was dangerous. The act will be deemed dangerous if a sober and reasonable person at the scene of the crime watching the unlawful act knowing what the defendant knows in the circumstances and seeing what the defendant sees would have foreseen the risk of some physical harm resulting there from as explained in R v Dawson .The court appeared to introduce a third element in to constructive manslaughter, this was that the accused act must be directed at the victim and likely to cause immediate injury. However, this was rapidly overturned for in R v Mitchell for the act must simply directed to another. In R v Goodfellow the accused had sent fire to his ho use with the intention of being re-housed by the council, the fire had resulted in the death of some of his family. The aimed at doctrine was rejected in favour of the act directed another test the accused was convicted of constructive and reckless manslaughter. In Andrew v DPP Lord Atkin stated â€Å"of all crimes manslaughter appears to afford most difficulties of definition, for it concerns homicide in so many and varying conditions, it is submitted that the mens rea for the unlawful act of criminal damage should suffice. This was confirmed by the decision in R v G . As Marion clearly intended to set fire to Spikes flat it is likely that she will be found guilty of constructive manslaughter. In the unlikely event that Marion is found not guilty of constructive manslaughter the least serious offence that she could be liable for are under the Criminal Damage Act 1971 such as, intentionally or recklessly endangering life under section 1(3) and arson under section 1(3). Bibliography Elliot Quinn Criminal Law 7th Edition Pearson Education Limited Jonathan Herring Text, Cases and Materials on Criminal Law Third Edition Oxford publishing David Ormerod, Smith Hogan Criminal Law 12th Edition Oxford Blackstones Criminal Practice 2008 Oxford Norrie. A â€Å"After Woollin† [1999] Crim LR 532 ‘Legislating the Criminal Code: involuntary Manslaughter, Law Commission No.237 [1996]

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Laws On Preventing Child Abuse Essay - 1639 Words

Before the mid-1900s, people believed parents should have absolute control of their children and husbands should have absolute control of their wives. They also believed they could own people. Since slavery was allowed, at least in the South, owners could beat their workers―many who were eight-year-olds. Laws on preventing child abuse have failed but there have been progressive, changing attitudes towards abuse. When the Civil War ended in 1865, the senate passed the 13th Amendment abolishing slavery, and the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act in 1986 prohibited child labor. Also, the legislative passed the Child Abuse Prevention Treatment Act (CAPTA) in 1974 stating that child abuse is a crime. However, now, abuse is more common than we actually think. Each day, parents mistreat their children at homes and even in public. Some parents, publically, gently slap the children’s back, but others go to the extent of vigorously pulling their hair and beating them up. People should intervene when a parent is hitting his child if the situation is getting out of hand, for example, if the parent is dragging her kid by the hair or if the child seems humiliated. People should interfere when a parent is harshly hitting her child because it could stop serious injury to her. Parents hit their children in public because they’re â€Å"disciplining† them for doing something wrong. However, some parents further hurt their children to the point where blood is shed. Christopher Mele,Show MoreRelatedThe Key Aspects Of The Relationship Between Poverty And The Greater Economic Hardship1514 Words   |  7 Pagesbetween abuse and neglect and the greater economic hardship which will have an impact on poverty and how this affects the chance of a child being abused or neglected. Looking at the evidence it is clear to see that there is a strong link associated between poverty and a child suffering from abuse and neglect. 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Alu Potol Industry of Bd Free Essays

Chapter 1: Information Systems in Global Business Today [MIS -L10/e] Multiple Choices 1. When nearly all core business processes are digitally enabled, Correct Answer: the firm is more competitive and efficient. 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Alu Potol Industry of Bd or any similar topic only for you Order Now Which business objective refers to the achievement of higher levels of efficiency and productivity? Correct Answer: Operational excellence 3. Which business objective refers to increasing a company’s revenues while decreasing its costs? Correct Answer: Customer and supplier intimacy 4. Which of the following consists of all the hardware and software that a firm needs to achieve its business objectives? Correct Answer: Information technology 5. Data shaped into meaningful form are called Correct Answer: information. 6. Raw facts that have not been organized into a useful form are called Correct Answer: data. 7. Which activity of an information system converts raw input into a meaningful form? Correct Answer: Processing 8. Which activity of an information system helps an organization evaluate or correct the input stage? Correct Answer: Feedback 9. Computer literacy focuses primarily on: Correct Answer: a knowledge of information technology. 10. The responsibility for monitoring the daily activities of a business falls to this organizational level: Correct Answer: Middle management. 11. The world’s largest and most widely used network is the Correct Answer: Internet. 12. The linkage of two or more computers together to share data or resources is called a(n): Correct Answer: network. 13. Which of the following could not be classified a complementary organizational asset required to optimize returns from information technology investments? Correct Answer: The Internet and telecommunications infrastructure. 4. The technical approach to information systems includes: Correct Answer: computer science, management science, and operations research. 15. Which of the following would not be classified as a technical approach to the study of information systems? Correct Answer: Economics True or False 1. Changes in the business environment such as new accounting laws are spurring the growth of digital information. Correct Answer: True 2. Business processes refer to the streamlining of standard operating procedures in order to eliminate bottlenecks. Correct Answer: False . There is a growing interdependence between a firm’s ability to use information technology and its ability to implement corporate strategies and achieve corporate goals. Correct Answer: True 4. The more intimacy a business can create with its suppliers, the more it can lower costs. Correct Answer: True 5. Federal and state regulations can force a business to improve its information systems. Correct Answer: True 6. Information is defined as data that has been shaped into a form that is meaningful and useful to human beings. Correct Answer: True 7. Information system input only captures data from inside the business but not from its external environment. Correct Answer: False 8. Members of the organization evaluate and correct inputs through feedback. Correct Answer: True 9. Computer literacy focuses on both people and technology. Correct Answer: False 10. Knowledge workers are engineers or architects who design products or services. Correct Answer: True 11. Each organization has a unique culture. Correct Answer: True 12. The Internet has created a universal technology platform that allows businesses to create new services. Correct Answer: True 13. Intranets and extranets use the same technology platforms as the Internet. Correct Answer: True 14. Complementary assets are those assets required to derive value from a secondary investment. Correct Answer: False 15. It can be said that â€Å"all information systems are forms of behavioral systems†. Correct Answer: False Essay 1. Provide an overview of the six business objectives of information systems. 2. Information systems produce the information that organizations need to make decisions, control operations, analyze problems, and create new products or services. Identify and describe the three activities found in information systems. 3. Explain the difference between computer literacy and information literacy. 4. Briefly describe how information systems influence organizations, people, and technology. 5. The study of information systems is a multidisciplinary field. Identify the six major disciplines that contribute problems, issues, and solutions to the study of information systems. Explain why no single theory or perspective dominates. Chapter 2: Global E-Business: How Businesses Use Information Systems Multiple Choices 1. Logically related sets of activities that define how business tasks are performed are called Correct Answer: business processes. 2. Which business function is responsible for providing customer service support? Correct Answer: Sales and marketing 3. Which business function is responsible for determining where to locate new plants? Correct Answer: Production and manufacturing 4. Which business function is responsible for tracking payroll transactions? Correct Answer: Accounting and finance 5. Which type of system tracks elementary activities of an organization? Correct Answer: Transaction processing system (TPS) . Which type of system produces reports on a regular schedule in a predetermined format? Correct Answer: Management information system 7. Which type of system is most often used for analyzing data? Correct Answer: Decision-support system 8. These systems address nonroutine decisions requiring judgment, evaluation, and insight because there is no agreed-on procedure for arrivin g at a solution. Correct Answer: Executive support systems 9. Systems that span all functional areas and focus on executing business processes across the firm are called Correct Answer: enterprise applications. 0. Which system stores all organizational data in a single central data repository? Correct Answer: Enterprise system 11. Which of the following would not describe how a firm can benefit from supply chain management systems? Correct Answer: Control the actions of machines and equipment 12. Which type of enterprise application is specifically used to help a business increase sales? Correct Answer: Customer relationship management (CRM) system 13. Which type of enterprise application stores directories of employees with special areas of expertise? Correct Answer: Knowledge management system 14. This term refers to the use of digital technology and the Internet to execute the major business processes in an enterprise: Correct Answer: Electronic business. 15. Which person is responsible for the overall use of information technology in a large conglomerate? Correct Answer: Chief Information Officer (CIO) True/False 1. Business processes refer to the manner in which work is organized, coordinated, and focused to produce a valuable product or service. Correct Answer: True 2. Information systems enhance business processes by enabling entirely new processes that are capable of transforming the business. Correct Answer: True 3. A well-designed single system can provide all the information an organization needs. Correct Answer: False 4. A human resource system is designed to plan the long-term force needs of an organization. Correct Answer: True 5. Transaction processing systems are designed primarily to analyze data and provide periodic reports to middle managers. Correct Answer: False 6. Much of the data in management information systems comes from transaction processing systems (TPS). Correct Answer: True 7. Transaction processing systems generally are flexible and have tremendous analytical capabilities. Correct Answer: False 8. Decision support systems (DSS) often rely on information from external sources. Correct Answer: True 9. Executive support systems are designed to address nonroutine decisions requiring judgment, evaluation, and insight. Correct Answer: True 10. Transaction processing systems are the only system that uses portals to present information to senior executives. Correct Answer: False 11. Supply chain management (SCM) systems are designed to collect data from various key business processes and store the data in a single central data repository. Correct Answer: False 12. Customer relationship management (CRM) systems help firm’s identify, attract, and retain the most profitable customers. Correct Answer: True 13. Intranets are internal networks built with the same tools and communication standards as the Internet and are used for the internal distribution of information to employees. Correct Answer: True 14. Buying and selling goods and services over the Internet is referred to as e-commerce. Correct Answer: True 15. Computer programmers constitute the principal liaisons between the information systems group and the rest of the organization. Correct Answer: False Essay 1. What are â€Å"business processes†? What purposes do they serve in the firm? 2. Explain the difference between a management information system and a decision-support system as they relate to middle managers. 3. Discuss the interrelationships among TPS, MIS, DSS, and ESS systems. 4. What is the function of a CRM system? 5. Businesses today are enabled by or based upon digital networks. What is meant by e-business and e-commerce? How to cite Alu Potol Industry of Bd, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

The Road Not Taken Analysis Essay Example For Students

The Road Not Taken Analysis Essay EXPLANATION: The Road Not Taken Line 1 In this line Frost introduces the elements of his primary metaphor, the diverging roads. We will write a custom essay on The Road Not Taken Analysis specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Back to Poem Lines 2-3 Here the speaker expresses his regret at his human limitations, that he must make a choice. Yet, the choice is not easy, since long I stood before coming to a decision. Back to Poem Lines 4-5 He examines the path as best he can, but his vision is limited because the path bends and is covered over. These lines indicate that although the speaker would like to acquire more information, he is prevented from doing so because of the nature of his environment. Back to Poem Lines 6-8 In these lines, the speaker seems to indicate that the second path is a more attractive choice because no one has taken it lately. However, he seems to feel ambivalent, since he also describes the path as just as fair as the first rather than more fair. Back to Poem Lines 9-12 Although the poet breaks the stanza after line 10, the central idea continues into the third stanza, creating a structural link between these parts of the poem. Here, the speaker states that the paths are really about the same. Neither path has been traveled lately. Although hes searching for a clear logical reason to decide on one path over another, that reason is unavailable. Back to Poem Lines 13-15 The speaker makes his decision, trying to persuade himself that he will eventually satisfy his desire to travel both paths, but simultaneously admitting that such a hope is unrealistic. Notice the exclamation mark after line 13; such a punctuation mark conveys excitement, but that excitement is quickly undercut by his admission in the following lines. Back to Poem Lines 16-20 In this stanza, the tone clearly shifts. This is the only stanza which also begins with a new sentence, indicating a stronger break from the previous ideas. The speaker imagines himself in the future, discussing his life. What he suggests, here, though, appears to contradict what he has said earlier. At the end of the poem, in the future, he will claim that the paths were different from each other and that he courageously did not choose the conventional route. Perhaps he will actually believe this in the future; perhaps he only wishes that he could choose ;the one less traveled by.; .